Type 2 diabetes is a condition where the body does not respond to insulin being produced by the pancreas or gradually loses its ability to produce enough insulin. This means the body cannot process the sugar you eat. Sugar then builds up to high levels in the blood which is toxic to cells and damages them.
It is a condition that we do not fully understand the cause for. However we know it has a strong genetic link, so your risks of getting it are higher if you have a family member with the condition and it can be prevented with lifestyle changes which means we do have some control over it.
Risks outside of genetics that can be modified are:
Overweight or obesity
Insufficient physical activity
Apple shape body (excess wait around the waist)
Symptoms are Diabetes may not be present, or be put down to simply getting older. This is why we worry about Type 2 Diabetes. You can have it without knowing and this can cause damage to your body, so that when it is diagnosed you may already have some of its complications that are permanent. Complications can include heart disease, kidney disease, stroke, blindness, foot problems and nerve problems.
Symptoms that can be present include:
- Being excessively thirsty
- Passing more urine
- Feeling tired and lethargic
- Always feeling hungry
- Having cuts that heal slowly
- Itching, skin infections
- Blurred vision
- Gradually putting on weight
- Mood swings
- Feeling dizzy
- Leg cramps
Diabetes can easily be diagnosed with a simple blood test. So if you are concerned about your risk of having it or have some symptoms make an appointment with one of our GPs to discuss testing.